Vin de France & Grape Varieties

LIST OF GRAPE VARIETIES
OTHER DISCOVERIES

Encyclopedia of French Grape Varieties

CINSAULT
{ Rosé Wine } { Red Wine }

Rosé Red

Origin
In all likelihood, Cinsault is originally from the south, and more specifically from the region between Avignon, Aix and Marseille. 

Aromas
Cinsault is also a charmer through its non-aggressive, soft, fruity aromas. The main notes encountered are peach, raspberry, gooseberry, pomegranate, strawberry and nectarine.

Wines produced
By limiting Cinsault’s yield, wine growers obtain wonderful wines of great personality that are rich, full-bodied and lush. Behind its brilliant, rose-petal color lie fruity notes. Wines made from Cinsault are at their most seductive when young. They are lively and full-bodied on the palate. When blended with Grenache, the strength of Cinsault’s alcohol is tempered. When blended with Carignan, its bitterness is attenuated.

Areas planted
It is grown as a secondary variety in southeastern France, i.e. in the main valley near Montelimar, the area between Avignon and Aix, and the southwestern Mediterranean coast. It is also grown in Corsica. Production has slowly decreased, reaching around 25,000 hectares in 2006.

Budding and ripening
A Mediterranean variety par excellence, it is considered as a late variety, which requires sunlight and heat to reach peak ripeness. It ripens 3 weeks after Chasselas, the benchmark. This makes Cinsault a Period II variety. It also buds late, generally 9 days after Chasselas.

Vigor
Cinsault is a fertile, productive grape variety whose yield must be limited in order to obtain high quality wines. This is even more necessary when the soil is deep and fertile. Cinsault is not a very vigorous variety, however, and its branches are small in diameter. A drooping vine, it should therefore be pruned short.

Preferred soils
In order to control its productivity and obtain high quality wines, Cinsault should ideally be grown in poor, dry soils. However, excessive limestone can disturb its metabolism and provoke chlorosis. On good terroirs with low fertility, (schist, for example) and at low yields, Cinsault makes fruity, pleasant, soft wines, namely excellent rosés. It is the star grape variety for production of rosé wines in the Mediterranean area.

Ideal Climate
Cinsault is a southern grape variety that is suited to hot, very sunny terroirs and is highly resistant to drought. Its slow ripening period makes it suitable for coastal terroirs, where temperatures are high at the end of the cycle.

Susceptibility to disease and pests
Cinsault is susceptible to wood diseases (esca and eutypiosis), mites, grape berry moths and gray mold. However, it is only moderately susceptible to oidium.

Uses
Cinsault is mainly used to produce wine. It is also a table grape, known in French as œillade. 

Distinctive features
Cinsault can be recognized by its young shoots, whose tips are densely covered with flat-lying hairs. Its adult leaves are orbicular with 5 lobes, with a rather deep petiolar sinus that has a V-shaped base. On the lateral lobes, the teeth are long in relation to their width at the base, and they have a rectilinear side. Sometimes, they have one concave side and one convex side. The leaf blade is slightly involuted, particularly near the main lobe. On the underside, there are sparse flat-lying hairs and a moderately dense coat of upright hairs. Cinsault’s bunches are large and its berries are very large.

Clones marketed
The twenty-one approved Cinsault clones (specifically named Cinsault N) are numbers 3, 4, 5, 67, 91, 92, 103, 104, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 320, 321 and 322. A conservatory of one hundred clones was planted in the vineyards of the Var in 2006.

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